As we discussed earlier, the biggest risk factors for developing myopia Genetics and Environment. We cannot change our genetics, and to be honest, I do not see our environments changing anytime soon. That being said, the best Prevention Tips are:
- No more than 3 hours (including homework) on screens.
- 20-20-20 Rule: For every 20 mins of near work, a child should take 20 seconds, and look 20 feet away.
- Spend as much time as possible outside! The more sunlight exposure a child has been correlated with less myopia.
A more realistic question is “How do we SLOW the progression of Myopia?”
- Up-to-Date Prescription: Studies have shown that “under-correction” can make the eye grow longer and increase the prescription power. Make sure your child’s Rx is up to date year round.
- Eye Drops: Eye doctors now have the ability to specially formulate eye drops that slow myopia progression. These drops are generally taken once a day, right before bedtime.
- Specialized Soft Contact Lenses: The MiSight 1 Day contact lenses are FDA approved to slow the progression of Myopia.
- Eye Retainers (Over-night Contacts): Yes, you read that right! Retainers specifically made for your child that slow myopia progression. An added benefit is that these retainers give you 20/20 vision during the day without contacts or glasses!
As you can see we are way beyond just getting stronger glasses or contacts. Monitoring eye length and slowing the progression of myopia is the NEW standard of care. Make sure your eye doctor has moved beyond the horse and buggy and get a myopia management consultation!